The dramatic text R.U.R., published in 1920 by Aventinum (Prague), is a science fiction that addresses the place of Man and his freedom, the denial of God and the consequences of greed and exploitation. This is where the term ‘robot’ appears for the first time, soon naturalized in several languages. Karel Čapek attributed the invention of this word (from ‘robota’; forced labor) to his brother, Josef Čapek, artist and writer, who covered the 1st edition of the work.
The stage debut took place in January 1921 and three years later the play was already translated into more than thirty languages.
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Karel Čapek (1890 – 1938) was a writer, journalist and critic.
His writing spans a variety of genres, also reflecting political concerns and a critical view of the rise of fascist and militaristic regimes, against which he openly spoke out.
Named several times as a possible Nobel Prize for Literature, never having received it, he is one of the most important Czech authors of the 20th century.